# Function declaration

A function declaration is a type signature *and* a group of definitions
called *function clauses*.

In the following example we define a function called `multiplyByTwo`

.
The first line `multiplyByTwo : Nat -> Nat;`

is the type signature and
the second line `multiplyByTwo n := 2 * n;`

is a function clause.

```
open import Stdlib.Prelude;
multiplyByTwo : Nat -> Nat;
multiplyByTwo n := 2 * n;
```

A function may have more than one function clause. When a function is called, the first clause that matches the argument is used.

The following function has two clauses.

```
open import Stdlib.Prelude;
neg : Bool -> Bool;
neg true := false;
neg false := true;
```

When `neg`

is called with `true`

the first clause is used and the
function returns `false`

. Similarly, when `neg`

is called with `false`

the second clause is used and the function returns `true`

.

## Mutually recursive functions

Function declarations can depend on others recursively. In the following
example we define a function that checks if a number is `even`

by
calling a function that checks if a number is `odd`

.

```
open import Stdlib.Prelude;
odd : Nat → Bool;
even : Nat → Bool;
odd zero := false;
odd (suc n) := even n;
even zero := true;
even (suc n) := odd n;
```